Tag Archives: Rule 506

Regulation A+ Deadline Passed by Congress

Part of JOBS Act Regulations to be Finalized by October 31, 2013

On Wednesday May 15, the House of Representatives passed H.R. 701 which requires the SEC to finalize regulations with respect to “Regulation A+” of the JOBS Act. Regulation A+ would allow companies to more effectively raise money from the public, increasing the current offering limit of $5 million over 12 months to a limit of $50 million over 12 months.

House Statement on Regulation A+

The House Financial Services Committee released a statement which includes the following:

Specifically, H.R. 701 requires the SEC to implement Title IV of the JOBS Act by October 31, 2013. Title IV requires the SEC to adopt or amend regulations to encourage capital formation without requiring an SEC registration statement. These exemptions, referred to as “Regulation A+,” create a new category of public offerings exempt from SEC registration of up to $50 million raised over a 12-month period through issuance of equity securities, debt securities or debt securities convertible or exchangeable to equity interests, including any guarantees of such securities. Under current law, Regulation A provides a similar exemption for public offerings up to $5 million over 12 months.

To protect investors, the JOBS Act requires companies that make offerings under Regulation A+ to file audited financial statements with the SEC on an annual basis and gives the SEC the ability to require these issuers to make periodic disclosures about their operations, financial condition, use of proceeds and other information it deems appropriate.

What this means for the hedge fund industry

Right now this means little to the hedge fund industry except perhaps that Congress is getting tired of the SEC dragging their feet with respect to implementing the JOBS Act. As we have discussed previously, the major provision for fund managers is going to be the lifting of the ban on general solicitation. Perhaps this action indicates that Congress is going to continue to push the SEC to finalize all of the provisions of the JOBS Act.

Additionally, depending on the final Regulation A+ regulations, fund managers may be more inclined to start using that exemption instead of Rule 506 Regulation D, which is the de facto safe harbor used by fund managers. Our guess is that we will not see any real action on this issue until after mid-year and so we cannot know how this particular regulation may or may not affect managers for a few months.


Cole-Frieman & Mallon LLP provides legal advice to the hedge fund industry.  Bart Mallon can be reached directly at 415-868-5345.

Alabama Hedge Fund Law – Regulation D Filings

In our continuing effort to expand our hedge fund law resources on this blog, we will be posting statutes and other legal resources from each of the states.  Because each state has different laws and enforces those laws differently, hedge fund lawyers often discuss state specific hedge fund issues with the securities division prior to providing advice to clients.  The post below provides information on Alabama’s regulation D requirements.  Please contact us if you would like to establish an Alabama hedge fund or have questions on Alabama investment advisory issues. Continue reading

Overview of Regulation D for Hedge Funds

Interests in hedge funds are securities which mean that hedge fund managers must follow the federal (and state) laws regarding the sale of securities to investors.  Typically, securities will need to be registered under the Securities Act of 1933 unless there is an exemption from the registration provisions.

There are two main exemptions from the registration provisions – Section 4(2) of the Securities Act and the Regulation D (also known as “Reg D”) safe harbor rules promulgated by the SEC under Section 4(2).  Typically hedge funds will offer their securities pursuant to the Regulation D safe harbor and specifically under Rule 506 which allows a hedge fund to offer an unlimited amount of interests to investors.

Below is a quick synopsis of the Regulation D rules (I have left out Rule 507 and Rule 508).  I have also posted all of the rules here: Regulation D Rules.  Most important to hedge fund managers will be Rule 502 which requires that the manager not engage in any public solicitation and Rule 506.

Rule 501 – Definitions and Terms Used in Regulation D

In general this rule defines certain terms used in the rest of the rules.  The most important definition is probably the accredited investor definition.

Rule 502 – General Conditions to Be Met

In general, this rule discusses certain aspects of the offering which should be met.  A fund’s attorney will be familiar with these issues.

Specifically, this rule addresses certain integration issues, the information which must be provided to investors who are not accredited investors and the limits of resale of interests in a Regulation D offering.  Most importantly, the rule does not allow fund managers to engage in any sort of general solicitation.  Because this is really the most important aspect of the rule for hedge fund managers, I will include this section explicitly below:

c.  Limitation on manner of offering. Except as provided in Rule 504(b)(1), neither the issuer nor any person acting on its behalf shall offer or sell the securities by any form of general solicitation or general advertising, including, but not limited to, the following:

1.    Any advertisement, article, notice or other communication published in any newspaper, magazine, or similar media or broadcast over television or radio; and

2.    Any seminar or meeting whose attendees have been invited by any general solicitation or general advertising;

Provided, however, that publication by an issuer of a notice in accordance with Rule 135c shall not be deemed to constitute general solicitation or general advertising for purposes of this section; Provided further, that, if the requirements of Rule 135e are satisfied, providing any journalist with access to press conferences held outside of the United States, to meeting with issuer or selling security holder representatives conducted outside of the United States, or to written press-related materials released outside the United States, at or in which a present or proposed offering of securities is discussed, will not be deemed to constitute general solicitation or general advertising for purposes of this section.

Because of the broadness of this rule, hedge fund managers should consult with their attorney if they have any question regarding the prohibition on general advertising.

Rule 503 – Filings of Notice of Sales

In general this rule outlines of the requirement for hedge fund managers to file Form D with the SEC within 15 days of the first sale of securities.  See link below on blue sky filings for more information.

Rule 504 – Exemption for Limited Offerings and Sales of Securities Not Exceeding $1,000,000

This rule is known as the intrastate offering exemption, and generally this provides an exemption from registration if the offering  of hedge fund interests is made wholly intrastate and if the amount to be raised is less than $1million.  Few if any hedge funds will utilize this exemption.

Rule 505 –  Exemption for Limited Offers and Sales of Securities Not Exceeding $5,000,000

In general, this rule provides that an offering is exempt from registration if the issuer raises $5 million or less over any 12-month time period.  This rule also provides that there can be no more than 35 non-accredited investors.

Rule 506 – Exemption for Limited Offers and Sales without Regard to Dollar Amount of Offering

In general, this rule provides that an offering is exempt from registration if the fund raises money from no more than 35 non-accredited investors, provided that all non-accredited investors, either alone or with his purchaser representative(s), has such knowledge and experience in financial and business matters that he is capable of evaluating the merits and risks of the prospective investment.  This rule does allow a hedge fund to sell an unlimited dollar amount of interests.


The discussion below from the SEC on regulation D offerings is aimed more at hedge fund investors and the hedge fund due diligence which such investors should engage in; the discussion can be found here.  Managers are urged to discuss the Regulation D offerings with their hedge fund attorneys.

Regulation D Offerings

Under the Securities Act of 1933, any offer to sell securities must either be registered with the SEC or meet an exemption. Regulation D (or Reg D) contains three rules providing exemptions from the registration requirements, allowing some smaller companies to offer and sell their securities without having to register the securities with the SEC. For more information about these exemptions, read our publications on Rules 504, 505, and 506 of Regulation D.

While companies using a Reg D exemption do not have to register their securities and usually do not have to file reports with the SEC, they must file what’s known as a “Form D” after they first sell their securities. Form D is a brief notice that includes the names and addresses of the company’s executive officers and stock promoters, but contains little other information about the company.

If you are thinking about investing in a Reg D company, you should access EDGAR Company Search to determine whether the company has filed Form D. If the company has filed a Form D, you can request a copy. If the company has not filed a Form D, this should alert you that the company might not be in compliance with the federal securities laws.

You should always check with your state securities regulator to see if they have more information about the company and the people behind it. Be sure to ask whether your state regulator has cleared the offering for sale in your state. You can get the address and telephone number for your state securities regulator by calling the North American Securities Administrators Association at (202) 737-0900 or by visiting its website. You’ll also find this information in the state government section of your local phone book.
For more information about the SEC’s registration requirements and common exemptions, read our brochure, Q&A: Small Business & the SEC.

HFLB note: other articles you may be interested in are:

Please contact us if you have any questions.

Form D filing now done online

Earlier this year the SEC approved the formation of an automated filing system for Form D. As noted in this article on Form D, the filing must be made with the SEC 15 days after the first sale of hedge fund interests. While the launch of the new online system was supposed to make it easier for small companies (including hedge funds) to make the filing, in implementation it is a two-step, potentially cumbersome process. In the next few weeks after we make some of these filings, I will be able to rate the new SEC Form D online filing system. The press release below announcing the new system can be found here.

SEC Launches Voluntary Online Filing System for Form D to Reduce Burden on Smaller Companies

Securities and Exchange Commission today began accepting filings of Form D through the Internet as part of the agency’s overall efforts to reduce unnecessary paper filings and regulatory burdens, particularly for smaller companies.

The new rules providing for online filing and simplification of Form D notices were approved by Commission at the end of last year. Form D filings are made mostly by smaller companies, and notify the SEC of sales of securities in private and certain other non-registered offerings of securities. Many states also require Form D notice filings.

“With electronic filing, the information available in Form D filings will now be far more accessible to all users,” said John White, Director of the Division of Corporation Finance. “We look forward to hearing from voluntary filers over the next six months about their experiences as we prepare to move to the mandatory system next spring.”

The SEC’s new Form D online filing system features simplified and updated information requirements and is voluntary until March 16, 2009. Companies and funds required to file Form D notices may continue to file them on paper until that date, following either the old or new information requirements. Guidance on the Form D filing process with the new system as well as more information about filing and amending a Form D notice are available on the SEC Web site.

Form D filers are encouraged to use the voluntary system and inform SEC staff about their experiences. The SEC staff expects adjustments will be made to the system to increase its utility and user-friendliness before the online filing of Form D becomes mandatory. Filers can report their experiences to the SEC’s Office of Small Business Policy in its Division of Corporation Finance at (202) 551-3460 or [email protected]

The SEC staff is continuing to work with the North American Securities Administrators Association (NASAA) to link its Form D filing system with a system built by state securities regulators that would accept state Form D filings. No timetable has been adopted for linking the two systems. (Press Rel. 2008-199)

Monthly Feature: Hedge fund offering documents

The central reason that beginning hedge fund managers need a lawyer is that the lawyer will prepare the offering documents for the fund. The offering documents are designed to comply with the requirements of the federal securities laws as interests in the fund (whether the fund is a limited partnership or a limited liability company). Specifically the offering documents will most likely be drafted to conform to the requirements of Rule 506 of Regulation D under the Securities Act of 1933.

The offering documents are the necessary paperwork that the manager must give to prospective investors. The offering documents will look very similar to a mutual fund prospectus. The three parts of the offering documents are:

  1. The private placement memorandum (also sometimes called the offering memorandum). The private placement memorandum (also known as the “PPM”), is the main offering document. It provides the prospective investor with information on the structural and business aspects of the fund.
  2. The limited partnership agreement (or, if the fund is an LLC, the operating agreement). The limited partnership agreement (also known as the “LPA”), is the actual governing legal document. It provides a description of the rights of the investors and the manager. When an investor becomes a “partner” in the fund, the investor is executing the limited partnership agreement.
  3. The subscription documents. The subscription documents are the documents which provide the manager with background information on the investor. These documents include assurance and warranties by the potential investor that the potential investor is qualified to invest in the offering. These documements usually include the signature page to the LPA.

A more in depth description of the potential parts of the offering documents follows:

Private Placement Memorandum

While each law firm’s general PPM template is different, they all share many of the same items of information which are included. Below is a non-exhaustive list of some of the major sections of the PPM which you are likely to find in all offering documents.

  • Coverage
  • Legends and securities laws notices
  • Table of contents
  • Summary
  • Use of proceeds
  • Investment Program
  • Risk factors
  • Description of the management company and managers
  • Discussion of fees (Management fees, Performance fees)
  • Manner of valuing the investments
  • Discussion of conflicts of interest
  • Discussion of brokerage
  • Discussion of litigation of the investment manager
  • Discussion of financial statements of the fund
  • A summary of the LPA or Operating Agreement
  • Discussion of service providers
  • Tax disclosures
  • ERISA disclosures
  • Other notices (privacy notice, definition of investors qualified to invest, disclosure on the lack of transferability, etc.)

Limited Partnership Agreement

Like the PPM, each law firm has a different way to draft the LPA. For instance, some law firms will craft a lengthy definition section at the very beginning, other law firms will have definitions attached as an appendix, other firms will define specific terms throughout the document. A very rough guideline of the items which are in the LPA include:

  • Coverpage
  • Table of contents
  • Preamble
  • Defintions
  • Information on formation (business office, registered agent, length of fund, etc.)
  • Capitalization structure (initially and on a going-forward basis)
  • Manner of allocation of profits and losses (including the various tax allocation provisions)
  • Manner of distributions and withdrawals
  • Rights and duties of the management company
  • Rights and duties of the investors
  • Information on accounting, books and records
  • Transfer rights
  • Dissolution of the partnership; winding up
  • Manner of final distributions
  • Grant of power of attorney
  • Miscellaneous provisions (headings, amendments, applicable law, jurisdiction)

Subscription Documents

The subscription documents from one firm to another may differ fairly substantially. Some firms have separate subscription documents for individual investors and for institutional investors. Some firms include the necessary representations with the actual subscription agreement. The basic information included in the subscription documents includes:

  • Coverpage with certain legal disclaimers
  • Directions on how to complete the subscription documents
  • Subscription agreement (including certain acknowledgements, representations and warranties)
  • Investor suitability questions (may be embedded in the subscription agreement) – generally accredited investor, qualified client, or qualified purchaser status
  • LPA investor signature page

If a fund accepts non-accredited investors, the manager will need to make sure that the non-accredited investor meets certain that the non-accredited investor, together if applicable with their purchaser representative, is sufficiently sophisticated to understand the risks of making an investment in the fund. These supplemental representations can be made either in the subscription documents or in a supplement to the subscription documents.