The Treasury announced today that they received over 100 applications from fund managers who want to participate in the Public Private Investment Program (PPIP). There have been a number of questions regarding the structure of investment vehicles under the PPIP. In addition to the Treasury release from earlier today, I have included below some additional information on the PPIP that might be useful to hedge fund managers who are thinking of participating in this program in the future.
Treasury Announces Receipt of Applications to Become Fund Managers under Public Private Investment Program
Washington, DC — The Treasury Department today announced the receipt of more than 100 unique applications from potential fund managers interested in participating in the Legacy Securities portion of the Public Private Investment Program (PPIP). A variety of institutions applied, including traditional fixed income, real estate, and alternative asset managers.
Successful applicants must demonstrate a capacity to raise private capital and manage funds in a manner consistent with Treasury’s goal of protecting taxpayers. Treasury will also evaluate the applicant’s depth of experience investing in eligible assets. Finally, the applicant must be headquartered in the United States.
Treasury expects to inform applicants of their preliminary qualification around May 15, 2009. Once a fund receives preliminary qualification, it can begin raising the expected minimum of $500 million in private capital that will serve as the investment that, pending further approval, will be matched with taxpayer funds. As we have stated previously, Treasury anticipates opening the program to smaller fund managers in the future, which may result in a lower minimum private capital raising requirement.
Since announcing the program details on March 23, Treasury has encouraged small, veteran, minority and women owned private asset managers to partner with other private asset managers. On April 6, Treasury extended the deadline for fund manager applications to provide more time to facilitate these types of partnerships. We are pleased to see a number of creative partnership proposals among the applications we are currently evaluating.
Today’s announcement is the latest milestone in making operational the PPIP for legacy loans and securities, a key part of the Administration’s efforts to repair balance sheets throughout our financial system and ensure that credit is available to the households and businesses, large and small, that will help drive us toward recovery.
For further information on the PPIP, please visit:
Public-Private Investment Program
Updated: April 6, 2009
To address the challenge of legacy assets, Treasury – in conjunction with the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation and the Federal Reserve – has announced the Public-Private Investment Program as part of its efforts to repair balance sheets throughout our financial system and ensure that credit is available to the households and businesses, large and small, that will help drive us toward recovery.
Three Basic Principles: Using $75 to $100 billion in TARP capital and capital from private investors, the Public-Private Investment Program will generate $500 billion in purchasing power to buy legacy assets – with the potential to expand to $1 trillion over time. The Public-Private Investment Program will be designed around three basic principles:
- Maximizing the Impact of Each Taxpayer Dollar: First, by using government financing in partnership with the FDIC and Federal Reserve and co-investment with private sector investors, substantial purchasing power will be created, making the most of taxpayer resources.
- Shared Risk and Profits With Private Sector Participants: Second, the Public-Private Investment Program ensures that private sector participants invest alongside the taxpayer, with the private sector investors standing t o lose their entire investment in a downside scenario and the taxpayer sharing in profitable returns.
- Private Sector Price Discovery: Third, to reduce the likelihood that the government will overpay for these assets, private sector investors competing with one another will establish the price of the loans and securities purchased under the program.
The Merits of This Approach: This approach is superior to the alternatives of either hoping for banks to gradually work these assets off their books or of the government purchasing the assets directly. Simply hoping for banks to work legacy assets off over time risks prolonging a financial crisis, as in the case of the Japanese experience. But if the government acts alone in directly purchasing legacy assets, taxpayers will take on all the risk of such purchases – along with the additional risk that taxpayers will overpay if government employees are setting the price for those assets.
Two Components for Two Types of Assets: The Public-Private Investment Program has two parts, addressing both the legacy loans and legacy securities clogging the balance sheets of financial firms:
- Legacy Loans: The overhang of troubled legacy loans stuck on bank balance sheets has made it difficult for banks to access private markets for new capital and limited their ability to lend.
- Legacy Securities: Secondary markets have become highly illiquid, and are trading at prices below where they would be in normally functioning markets. These securities are held by banks as well as insurance companies, pension funds, mutual funds, and funds held in individual retirement accounts.
Treasury and a vehicle controlled by the applicable Fund Manager through which private investors will invest in a Fund (each, a “Private Vehicle”) will be the sole investors in a Fund. Additional detail with respect to Fund Structure can be found under “Fund Structure Detail” below.
Pre-Qualification of Fund Managers
Private asset managers wishing to participate in this program should submit the application found at http://www.financialstability.gov/ to Treasury as part of the selection process. Fund Managers will be pre-qualified based upon criteria that are anticipated to include:
- Demonstrated capacity to raise at least $500 million of private capital.
- Demonstrated experience investing in Eligible Assets, including through performance track records.A minimum of $10 billion (market value) of Eligible Assets under management.
- Demonstrated operational capacity to manage the Funds in a manner consistent with Treasury’s stated Investment Objective while also protecting taxpayers.
- Headquarters in the United States.
Other criteria are identified in the application. Treasury will consider suggestions from Fund Managers to raise equity capital from retail investors.
3 year lock up period
Q&A on the Program
How are Legacy TALF and the Legacy Securities PPIP related?
Legacy TALF and the Legacy Securities PPIP are separate programs. Legacy TALF will be a Federal Reserve lending program with its own set of terms, conditions and eligibility requirements. Legacy TALF will be made widely available to investors (who meet Federal Reserve eligibility standards) regardless of whether or not they participate in the Legacy Securities PPIP. Pre-qualified Fund Managers in the Legacy Securities PPIP may choose to utilize leverage pursuant to the Legacy TALF program, when it becomes operational and subject to its terms and conditions. For the avoidance of doubt, a qualified investor utilizing Legacy TALF will do so on the same terms and conditions as a Legacy Securities PPIP investor utilizing Legacy TALF.
Will Treasury require pre-qualified Fund Managers to raise a minimum level of private capital?
Yes. In the initial group, pre-qualified Fund Managers will be expected to raise at least $500 million of private capital. However, as discussed above, Treasury currently anticipates opening the program to smaller Fund Managers in the future which may result in a lower minimum private capital raising requirement.
Will Treasury provide a public list of all pre-qualified Fund Managers?
Yes. Treasury expects to provide a public list including only the pre-qualified Fund Managers.