Overview of Net Capital Requirement and Bond Alternative
Hedge fund managers who need to register as investment advisors in their state of residence often have to deal with the net capital requirement issue. Usually there will be two separate net capital requirements for the investment advisor (meaning the fund’s management company) depending on the nature of the advisor’s business:
Advisors with Discretionary Authority – $10,000
Advisors with Custody – $35,000
[Note: these requirements do not usually apply to forex hedge fund managers unless such managers are also registered as investment advisors.]
Generally all state-registered hedge fund managers will have discretionary authority of the hedge fund’s investments so most advisors will need to maintain the $10,000 requirement. Also, most hedge fund managers will also be deemed to have “custody” of the fund assets because they will either have direct access to the hedge fund’s bank account or because they will directly deposit their management fees from the fund’s brokerage account. Accordingly, most state-registered hedge fund managers will need to maintain the more burdensome $35,000 net capital requirement. There is no requirement to combine the $10,000 with the $35,000 for managers with both discretionary authority and custody – in these situations the manager will only need to maintain the $35,000.
Investment Advisor Bond
As an alternative to maintaining a firm net capital according to the rules above, some states will allow hedge fund managers to post a bond in the required amount instead. Not all states will allow a manager to post a bond instead, so you should be sure to talk with your hedge fund attorney or compliance professional before you begin the process of securing a bond.
Securing the Bond
There are a number of groups out there that can underwrite these sorts of bonds for the money managers. The fees for such bonds will be anywhere from $250 to $1,000, depending on a number of factors including the credit history of the managing member of the fund management company. It will generally take anywhere from a few days to a couple of weeks to secure the bond and from there, the manager will likely need to show proof to the state securities division that the bond has been secured in the appropriate amount.
- California Investment Advisor FAQ
- Investment Advisors Not Happy About Proposed Custody Rule
- Investment Advisor Books and Records Requirement
- How to Register as an Investment Advisor
- Forex Hedge Fund
Bart Mallon, Esq. runs Hedge Fund Law Blog and has written most all of the articles which appear on this website. Mr. Mallon’s legal practice is devoted to helping emerging and start up hedge fund managers successfully launch a hedge fund. Cole-Frieman & Mallon LLP will also help state based Investment Advisors to register with their state securities division. If you are a hedge fund manager who is looking to start a hedge fund or an investment advisor looking to register, please call Mr. Mallon directly at 415-296-8510.